HOME   People do good because they are human, not because they are religious! 

Do not give God any credit for the good they do, they did it!

 

WHY I AM NOT A BUDDHIST
 
BUDDHIST SITES
http://www.nst.org/ 

"What troubles me most about Buddhism is its implication that detachment from ordinary life is the surest route to salvation" Austin Cline


BUDDHIST TEACHING
 
Buddha only claimed to be nothing other than a human being who achieved the truth by human effort without the help of any deity or God (page 1, What the Buddha Taught).
 
Buddha encouraged total freedom of thought because self-effort and finding things out for yourself was the only way to find the truth (page 2).

Buddha advised doubt and said it was a good thing (page 2). He was not interested in being an authority who must be believed and obeyed (page 3). He taught that doubt was a good thing only if it led to greater certainty for doubt could hinder one from attaining salvation or Nirvana.

Buddhism has never led to persecution or bloodshed (page 5).

Buddhism rejects the Buddhism label because nobody or no group has a monopoly on truth (page 5).

Buddhism stresses seeing not faith (page 8). The word saddha is often taken to mean faith but it means confidence that comes out of conviction or seeing. Questions such as is the universe eternal or not or is the soul the same as the body or separate from it and is the soul immortal are regarded as a waste of time in Buddhism (page 13, 14).

The Buddha said that a man with a poisoned arrow in him is wasting time if he refuses to let the arrow be taken out until he knows who fired the arrow and what kind of poison is in it and so on (page 13, 14). For Buddha you get on with living a good life.

Buddhism is neither pessimistic or optimistic for it takes a realistic view of life (page 17). Buddha denied that the faith he taught had any esoteric doctrines (page 2).
 
Manas, mind, in Buddhist thought does not mean mind as in spirit opposed to matter (page 21). Mind is a sense facility (page 22) like the eye. Volition and karma are one and the same thing in Buddhist thought (page 22). Examples of volition are attention and will and love and hate. “According to Buddhist philosophy there is no permanent, unchanging spirit which can be considered ‘Self’ or ‘Ego’, as opposed to matter, and that consciousness (vinnana) should not be taken as ‘spirit’ in opposition to matter” (page 23). “Buddha declared in unequivocal terms that consciousness depends on matter, sensation, perception and mental formations, and that it cannot exist independently of them” (page 25). There is no such thing as individuality or anything that can be called I (page 26). There is no thinker behind the thought because none of the five things that compose you can be called I. You are not your body. You are not your consciousness. What you call I is simply a collection of five impermanent things. None of them can be you. They change all the time so they cannot be you. Your experience of yourself as being a person is false. It is just like how each thing that makes up a toy is not the toy itself. Realising that there is no you is the secret of happiness. This is enlightenment and makes you a Buddha.
 
Buddha argued that impatience with suffering only makes suffering worse and does nothing to alleviate it (page 28). The way to deal with suffering is to understand how it comes about and how to get rid of it (page 28).
 
In Buddhism, karma is not a law that punishes you for doing wrong and blesses you for doing right. It is not about justice. It is just a theory of cause and effect where bad results in more bad results for you (page 32).  It is a naturalistic law not a magical or supernatural one.  Buddhism teaches that it is not thinkers that think but thoughts that think and each thought has a reaction good or bad (page 42).
 
The person who realises the supreme truth is the happiest person in the world for he is free from the illusion of self (page 43).
 
Buddhism denies that you really exist and the next minute instead of you there will be a being that only thinks it was you and the same person as you. It rejects the idea of a soul that goes back to God at death or that is reincarnated many times for purification (page 51). It argues that the concept of self the belief in I is the reason we are so selfish and unhappy and capable of hate and harm (page 51). Man creates God to be his protector. Man invents an immortal soul in the hope that he will live forever. These beliefs arise from the evil illusion of self which implies that self-preservation and self-protection drive man to these beliefs. If there is no self then there can be no God for God can’t have self either and must need enlightenment. Needing enlightenment would mean he is not a God at all but a travesty.
 
My comment is that these two beliefs must be the ultimate in evil. If the idea of self is bad then there is nothing worse than wanting to believe that a God will keep you alive forever.
 
Page 55-59 refutes the lies of scholars that Buddha didn’t exclude the idea of a spiritual soul being your true self. These scholars mistranslate the Buddha to promote their lie.
 
Buddhism teaches that you should not believe, “I have self” or “I have no self”. Just experience that you have no real self (page 66). Buddhism is not a philosophy of faith but experience.
 
Buddhism is not promoting anything negative or annihilistic by saying there is no self (page 66). On the contrary you feel happier than ever when you realise the truth that I is an illusion caused by the feeling I am that you have. After all there is nothing to annihilate. It is belief in the self that is negative and despairing not the realisation that there is no self. You can be a Buddha when alive and know that there is no you and life still goes on and you enjoy it beyond belief.
 
Buddhism denies the concept of a free will that is absolutely independent and holds that freedom is relative and conditioned (page 54). Catholics claim to believe in that kind of free will but they do not and they plot to control it. There would be no such thing as influencing others if free will were that independent. Free will only works in a framework. The person in a rabid Catholic culture will be conditioned to refrain from sex outside marriage. He is not free to commit that sin. He can commit others but not that one.
 
The chapter on meditation says the meditation you must engage in to obtain enlightenment can be done while working so Buddhism does not require you to sit meditating and ignoring the poor at your door.
 
Buddhism is certainly the noblest religion in the world. But it is true?
 
BUDDHISM AND CHRISTIANITY
 
The foundational doctrine of Christianity is that God made all things out of nothing and nothing exists unless he gives it existence. This doctrine is what all the other doctrines are all about even if does not seem that way. The notion is that God made all things because he loves. We rebelled against that love so in love God had to send Jesus to earn our salvation for us. And nothing can matter as much as God when all things depend on God. To refute creation is to refute Christianity. Buddhism does not believe in creation. It cannot believe in this God. This difference with Christianity is the difference between day and night. Some Buddhist legends speak of a being with great powers who imagines he creates and who needs to be set straight. You cannot be a Christian Buddhist for the foundations of each faith oppose one another.
 
Christians say the doctrine of karma denies a person the right to say sorry for sin and start again and walk with God.  But for Buddhists, if you reach enlightenment karma does not apply to you any more.  You can get no good or bad karma.  But that contradicts our experience.  Buddha still suffered and died.
 
Some Buddhists and believers in karma develop a cold lack of concern for others who suffer. They think that the people who suffer are only getting what they deserve. They also reckon that if they intervene and help, they are only hindering them. They reason that it is better to let them suffer so that they will get the payment of their karmic debt over and done with.

Others say that if you can help you should. They say your presence there shows that the law of karma has done its bit with them and it will let up meaning you must help now. In other words, your arrival on the scene shows that karma has done its job and dealt with them and karma has arranged that you must help them. But this leaves it in your hands whether to help or not to help. If you don't help or don't want to, you could reason that karma has arranged this so you are not doing wrong if you refuse to help. The rich, healthy and happy people are supposedly being rewarded by karma. If they are, then why are they not necessarily nicer and better people than the poor or the sick?
 
These doctrines contradict the notion that we love God by working for the wellbeing of others.

Christians observe that the Buddhist wants to stop her suffering and have a future without it. The Christian says it is immoral to try and end your power to suffer for that means ending your power to love. The Christian says that love is not about you loving yourself but about reaching out to others instead which means you have to make yourself vulnerable to being hurt or even killed by them. You also risk the suffering of losing them. Love is risk. It is valuing the other person so much that you will take the risk of suffering for them. For the Christian, Buddhism is basically bad for its core doctrine opposes love. For the Christian, if you find the gate to Nirvana, you will have found the gate of Hell. Hell is seen as the absence of love. Hell is seen as where you go because you are wrapped up in yourself. The Buddhist is said to be wrapped up in herself when she gets rid of the power to be vulnerable. The Church says that even those in Heaven though they do not actually suffer will face the possibility of suffering - suffering can happen though it doesn't and that is the way it will be for all eternity. Heaven is love and as love is necessarily risk, those in Heaven will risk for all eternity. These doctrines suggest that suffering is a gift for it makes love possible and so suffering is a need, it is needed. John Paul II did not shy away from saying suffering is good.
 
Thus Christianity's near approval for evil and suffering totally contrasts with Buddhism's insistence that suffering is terrible and evil and intolerable and that it is possible to be set free from it.
 
Buddhism is about how your mind works and how retraining it can mean you cannot suffer anymore. Christianity is about God as shown by Jesus and not the mind.
 
Most Buddhism is not atheistic but agnostic for it does not care if God exists or not and says he is irrelevant if he does exist. Technically, if there is a God he will seek a relationship with us for being good he will be social so Buddhism would need to be atheistic for it teaches that seeking help from God is wrong, you do it all on your own. The miracles of Buddhism, incorrupt monks and healings would indicate that there is no God!
 
Buddhism is a million times superior to Christianity and God-believing religion. The very concept of God that he is perfect good denies that he could possibly be irrelevant and affirms that it is vile and pure wickedness to say that. We conclude then that Godism must hate Buddha and Buddhism. God, is the idea that wants to crush the nobility of Buddhist thought.
 
We admire Buddhism for having no interest in God but still it is a wrong philosophy.
 
BUDDHISM REFUTED

Siddharta Gautama was born in Lumbini about 560 AD and he was a Hindu prince. He wanted to know how to stop suffering his discovering the way out of it made him the Buddha, the enlightened one.
 Buddha wanted to help people stop suffering by teaching them how to work and meditate so that they would attain a state of consciousness that would deliver them from suffering forever called Nirvana. He described Nirvana in paradoxes and contradictions meaning that it is not like anything we understand. It is not a material paradise or anything like it for Buddha sought to escape from anything material. Nirvana means blowing out because it is the blowing out of desire (page 293, Concise Guide to Today’s Religions). Desire according to Buddhism is the reason why we suffer.
 
What did Buddha mean by suffering? It was obvious to him and to all that we don't really suffer all the time. Lack of happiness or being unsatisfied is inherent in life. This lack of happiness is what Buddha meant by dukkha. The word dukkha is mistranslated as suffering. Thus the perception that Buddhism says life is suffering is a misunderstanding. The perception puts many off Buddhism. Dukkha principally means the lack of being well and includes suffering but it is not about suffering only. We should use the word suffering in this page to mean dissatisfaction that may or may not include suffering.

Buddhism teaches that I am not an entity but a bundle of experiences. A person is just a name put on a pile of entities that comprise it. A person is not really a unified entity. Buddhists generally teach that Buddhism is not about ceasing to have feelings and experiences but casting off the ego, the ego seeks to enslave and delude us. In other words, I must get rid of the illusion that I am in control of my world and my life. I have very little control if any. That way I will be free and will not be disturbed by life and the world. When the illusion is gone, that is Nirvana. I accept what I cannot change.
 
Without Nirvana, the bundle will be made into a new person in the next life by reincarnation thanks to the law of karma, the power that returns to me what I send out of me. With Nirvana I will not be born again.
 
If I killed a person in a past life, it may be that I will be killed by somebody in this one or a future one. If I hurt a blind person in a past life I could end up being born blind in a future one. If you are good you are closer to salvation – escape from matter – and will be rewarded by good karma. If you work out all your karma you will not be born again when you die because birth is a result of bad karma. It unfortunately never occurred to Buddha that if birth is a bad thing that happens to you for having done wrong then how did the first birth ever, come about?
 
If there was no first birth and we always existed and were continually being born and dying over and over again we will never get rid of the karma. If you have had an infinity of lives that means you have an infinity of bad karma as well. It is impossible to work off infinite or unlimited bad karma.
 
Salvation lies in losing all desire. It is Nirvana - a state of endless bliss and yet nothingness in the sense that there is no material element there.

Buddhism doesn’t see the consciousness as a kind of soul. Though you are aware of being a person who existed since your birth Buddhism sees that as an illusion.

Buddhism denies that there is a soul or that you are the same person all the time. In fact person is not the right word for they think I am just a bundle of experiences with no personal identity and the reason I suffer is because I think there is a real I. I think there is something about and in me that makes me basically the same entity and individual all the time. With each moment I die and am replaced with a new “person” who seems to be the same person that was around before but is a totally different person. Buddhist philosophy agrees that to your experience, it will be as if you do not keep turning into different persons who never existed before but that is a mistake based on the trick of memory. You think because you remember that you were always the same person. You are dying and being reborn all the time but it does not seem like that to you. You think that you have been the same person and being since you were born. When you believe you don’t really exist, what would you want deliverance from suffering for? What would you want salvation from bad karma for?
 
Buddhism says you must have no desire for the bliss of Nirvana but you experience it and enjoy it passively. Buddhism sees all desire as bad.

And all desire need not cause suffering. The desire we have, is preferred to the thing we desire so desire is an evil we like.

Buddha believed that suffering was caused by desire. Desire causes bad karma which ties you down to the cycle of birth, suffering and death. Desire is evil for it hurts so to embrace it is to merit bad karma. When you have no desire you can be perfectly happy in Nirvana so when you work for anything else you have a misplaced sense of what is important. Buddha taught that suffering can be ended by living out the Eightfold Path. These eight rules forbid acting out of desire and harmful actions. Lying, hate and gossip, for instance, are forbidden. You are not to do good because you want to but to do it without desire but doing it with desire is fine at the beginning for it takes hard work to eliminate the desire and it happens gradually. But you will always desire a little bit even when you are on the brink on Nirvana. Then desire will be taken away and you will find yourself in a purely passive state wherein peace and happiness are given to you but not willed or taken by you.

Buddhism claims that everything, even God if he exists or the most powerful of gods, is subject to karma. For God or anybody to get free from karma is to exist no longer (The Spirit of Buddhism, page 22).
 
Some say you do not lose your existence but only your existence as an individual. But if you are just a bundle of experiences and have to realise that there is nothing there to be left that means there is nothing.
 
Individuality is regarded as an illusion to be delivered from. But is being an individual really a bad thing? It would be nice to be an individual that does not suffer. Pain is caused by a part of the brain and it can be shut down or reduced. It is impossible to see how if we are all ultimately one thing – Nirvana makes us all one - we can imagine we are individuals. The individual cannot shift consciousness in such a way that she or he experiences herself or himself as being two or more minds at the one time.
 
Buddhists look down on us being individuals but say this is because of compassion – us being individuals is what causes suffering. But look, there are different levels of suffering. There are INDIVIDUALS who are not Buddhists who are reasonably happy. Is it not crazy to suggest that being an individual is bad because there will always be some hitches? That is harshness not compassion.
 The entire message of Buddha is based on blind faith which destroys the credibility of its morality. You don’t know if it is all true until you become a Buddha yourself. And a person with a depressive illness may be genetically unable to become a Buddha or even to feel happier. They are left behind in the Buddhist scheme. They may be put on a treadmill of hard work and meditation for nothing.
 
What if you experience enlightenment? Even then you are not sure for drugs, say LSD, can delude you into having a mystically joyful experience. Bad karma can delude you to think you are liberated and seem to experience it. Many have considered themselves to be enlightened without the Buddhist experience.
 
Your mind has the power to put itself into a purely delusional state of awareness. Before you go to sleep, you will feel so relaxed that you think and feel you know that it will last forever and that nobody else exists but you to enjoy this blissful peace. Even now this minute, you can close your eyes and imagine that it is true that you alone exist and will be safe forever.
 
Buddhism is a harmful faith for it is demanding and has only a dream that may be just a dream to offer as a reward. People should not suffer for guesses. There have been people who have claimed to have been enlightened but then lost their faith in it. They saw later that their enlightenment was false. Enlightenment cannot deliver one from suffering simply because you can’t be sure you have really been enlightened. Also, that uncertainty is itself a kind of suffering. The suffering means you cannot be delivered from suffering after all! Buddhism teaches that suffering cannot save you – there you are! Enlightenment is a delusion.
 Buddhism offers its version of the ten commandments -the Eightfold Path. It basically is all about not hurting others wilfully - right thinking, right speaking etc. The Eightfold Path offers not morality but evil dressed as goodness. It cannot save the Buddhist because it is used as an expression of superstitious belief.
 
BUDDHISM AND SUICIDE
 
The popular idea about Buddhism is that it wants you to become a drop in the ocean when you become enlightened so that you become lost in it and one with the ocean. This seems to denote the disappearance of the individual. Others say the correct understanding is that the little drop becomes the whole ocean. If so, then you become God when you are enlightened. God does not exist in the Buddhist system but Nirvana is described as you becoming functionally God - something that has the powers ascribed to God. The doctrine would essentially be saying that experience wise you are still you but each other persons is really you as well. So in that sense individuals disappear and its nothing to dread or worry about.
 
If anybody should say Nirvana is better if you are dead then I say:
 
When you are not dead yet it cannot be the same or as good as it would be when you are dead. From this, it follows that Nirvana is a delusion. Nirvana would result in death if it were a real experience for final liberation should mean the end of the body and its bondage. But it doesn't. The Buddha and his monks lived after enlightenment.
 
When life is bad and escape from it into Nirvana is good then why not kill yourself when you are enlightened? Not killing yourself would accumulate bad karma and result in the loss of Nirvana. And what if like some enlightened people you do evil again and fall back into an unenlightened state? You could get rid of the risk by killing yourself.
 
It is true that Buddhism regards suicide as a sin though some strands don’t. But when Nirvana and deliverance from the body are the meaning of life it follows that you should in principle at least, kill yourself to obtain Nirvana. But then if you really attain Nirvana you would not need to kill yourself.
 
Buddhism is frequently accused of advocating the committing of suicide in the form of making sure you don’t survive death or ceasing to be a person – by becoming enlightened. Buddhism is confusing for it says there is nothing there to be saved and you realise that you are nothing when you are enlightened. Yet it speaks of Nirvana which you get when you are enlightened as bliss. Many would say that it is as true to say Buddhists are on a suicide mission as it is to say that they are not.
 
Nirvana is supposed to dissolve your ego and your very self and free you from material laws. Buddhism claims that you can attain to Nirvana without dying. Buddhists say it is desire, the wish that you were your own person, not the body that blocks you from Nirvana. That would mean that the system does not encourage suicide. But the fact that you have a body shows that desire is still in operation. You are not going to feed it and care for it if you have no desire. You will just waste away and die in a trance. So it seems that Buddhism should advocate suicide for the body holds you in bondage as well as desire. Desire may be the main cause but the body is a symptom of desire and has to be destroyed. This would appear to call on you to kill anyone who claims to have been enlightened.
 
  
THE BODHISATTVA
 
In Mahayana Buddhism, the concept of the Bodhisattva is very important. This is a person who is ready to enter salvation but who postpones it in order to absorb or become other people who are trying to get saved so that they can be saved with her or him. Buddhists don’t believe that the person is real and that many persons can seem to be different persons but be one consciousness or force in reality and which is only learned in meditation. It is like barriers that keep the pieces of awareness apart that are lifted so that they can merge to become one awareness or realise they have been one awareness all along. The Bodhisattva is a saviour. He or she is almighty, all-merciful and all-knowing (page 57, The Case Against God). They are open then to the same criticisms as belief in the Christian God.
 

If the Bodhisattva is heading for the gates of Nirvana then it must be a sin for him to stop and think of others for he does not need to. If he needed to, he would not be standing at the gates. It would be a very wrong action for him not to sacrifice for others and this would bring bad karma on him and prevent Nirvana. Because he has to be free from bad karma and fit for salvation or Nirvana to be at them, the Bodhisattva doctrine implies that it would be no sin if he went on and just put others out of his mind. This attacks the fact that morality is doing what is best. Buddhism like Christianity is just a chain for slaves. The experience of Nirvana must be delusional because one would need to save the world before one could enjoy it and yet we have Buddhists who claim to have enjoyed it.

The denial of individuality and its being designated as an illusion mean that he must be other people so by going in he will automatically save them for they are him and he does not need to take his time. He is harming them by trying to save them. It is only causing their salvation to be delayed when he could redeem them faster by going ahead. The Bodhisattva doctrine is incoherent.
  
BUDDHISM IS PESSIMISTIC

Philosophers believe in eternity or timelessness. This is a state of being in which there is no change or movement from past to present to future. The past and present and future moments of time are all rolled into one and they are in a kind of now. In a chapter called Some Weaknesses in Fundamental Buddhism in the book Christianity for the Tough-Minded we read that Buddha rejected the view that there is anything that always stays the same. So he rejected the eternal timeless and therefore unchangeable God of the Hindus. Buddha held that A causes B and B causes C and C causes D and D causes A so there is no point at which all things began. Suffering always existed. To get freed from this vicious circle of causality you have to break the links and you have to stop say C causing D. Buddhism denies that you can love your neighbour for himself for the self is something that should be destroyed or swallowed up in Nirvana. It denies the value of the person and your own value.
 
Christians don’t like the Buddha’s view that there was no first cause. The Christians reply that the Christian doctrine that God is the first cause or the originator of all things makes sense and his view doesn’t.

The circle implies that you will have your present life all over again because when you get back to A after D that is what is happening. And why bother breaking the link when you are being replaced by a new you every second? The you that had the experience of Nirvana could be replaced by a you that does not. Why bother trying to save a future person who will take your place? It is only luck not effort that gives Nirvana because there is no person to make the effort. There is only a collection of things that acts like it does make efforts.

Also when C might cause Nirvana instead of D why work for Nirvana for it is only luck that gives it to you anyway? Those destined to get it might meditate and work for it but they were destined to get it in the first place that way. Some monks reach the state quicker than others. Zen promises the experience is possible within minutes but only some manage it. Nevertheless the point is you might not have to work for it.
 
Buddhists hold that karma not luck determines when you will be enlightened. But why is it that nobody is enlightened by doing good works but by meditating? Meditation then is the only real good work. Helping others could not be really good because it is like offering a beggar a penny when you could give him a pound. It would be better to give him a book on meditation instead. Good karma would mean you will be more inclined to meditating than anybody else but often this is not the case. Many people only come round to believing in meditating late in life! The strange attitude towards meditation indicates that enlightenment is unreal for to get it you have to selfishly get wrapped up in meditating in preference to helping others. So it is luck if you are enlightened not karma. No matter what kind of experience is promised at the end of meditation is the experience real? Practitioners don’t know if their efforts will be worthwhile. Is it right to have people doing all that possibly for nothing? Meditation is better than good works and what Buddhism is doing is having people sacrificing life and others for faith.
 
The thought that you might meditate all your life and not reach enlightenment is fearful and itself must produce bad karma and desire.

Buddhist morality forbids killing even insects (page 295, Concise Guide to Today’s Religions). We kill all the time. When we eat food the germs and bugs in the food die in our stomachs. This morality makes salvation impossible and it accuses those who claim to have been saved of being liars.
 
The book, The Spirit of Buddhism, insists that Buddhism is not pessimistic (page 35). It alleges Buddhism says that life gets better and more peaceful the more good works you do and the more meditation you do. The reason pessimism is bad is because it is a closed hearted response to life. It’s making yourself and others suffer by your complaining and attitude. In the process you end up doing harm for you feel bad about things that should be enjoyed and fear a future that has not shown any sign yet of being a bad one. The optimism of Buddhism is only individualistic and spiritual optimism. The Buddhist is so pessimistic about life and normality that he retreats into himself to find happiness. That is not true optimism and is even worse than pessimism. At least the obvious pessimist can change when he or she has had enough of thinking badly of life all the time. The Buddhist pessimist can’t. Anything that runs down real life be it pessimism or a self-centred spirituality is not to be applauded.
 
  
Finally...
 
Just wish it were all true! Buddhism is nearly all true - is that enough? No.
 
  
BOOKS CONSULTED
 
AN INTRODUCTION TO ASIAN RELIGIONS, E G Parrinder, SPCK, London, 1957
BUDDHISM AND CHRISTIANITY, J Estlin Carpenter, Hodder & Stoughton, London (undated)
BUDDHISM FROM A CATHOLIC PERSPECTIVE, Paul M Williams, Catholic Truth Society, London, 2006
BUDDHIST SCRIPTURES, Translated by Edward Conze, Penguin, London, 1980
BUDDHIST THOUGHT IN INDIA, Ann Arbor Paperbacks, Michigan, 1962
CHRISTIANITY FOR THE TOUGH-MINDED, John Warwick Montgomery Editor, Bethany Fellowship, Minnesota, 1973
CONCISE GUIDE TO TODAY’S RELIGIONS, Josh McDowell and Don Stewart, Scripture Press, Bucks, 1992
GREAT TREASURY OF MERIT, Geshe Kelsang Gyatso, Tharpa Publications, London, 1992
INTRODUCTION TO BUDDHISM, Geshe Kelsang Gyatso, Tharpa Publications, 1995
RELIGIONS OF JAPAN, H Byron Earhart, Harper and Row, San Francisco, 1984
THE CASE AGAINST GOD, Gerald Priestland, Collins, Fount Paperbacks, London, 1984
THE SPIRIT OF BUDDHISM, David Burnett, Monarch Books, London, 2003
THE WORLD’S RELIGIONS, Lion, Herts, 1982
UNIVERSAL COMPASSION, Geshe Kelsang Gyatso, Tharpa Publications, London 1993
WHAT THE BUDDHA TAUGHT Walpola Sri Rahula, Oneworld Publications, Oxford, 2006 – Truly the best explanation of Buddhism possible
WHY I AM A BUDDHIST, No Nonsense Buddhism for Modern Living, Stephen T Asma, Watkins, London, 2011 - sadly maligned but wonderful book, a gem!