HOME   People do good because they are human, not because they are religious! 

Do not give God any credit for the good they do, they did it!

 

ISSA - THE ARABIC SAINT WHO IS THE MUSLIM JESUS NOT THE CHRISTIAN JESUS

It is a myth that the Quran, the holy book of Islam claimed to have been written by God, refers to Jesus Christ.  The figure in it has one or two similarities but not enough to make him the same person as the figure of the New Testament.  There is no evidence that Muhammad meant us to take his Issa as Jesus.

 
WHO WAS ISSA?

In the book, Who Was Jesus? A Conspiracy in Jerusalem, page 144) we read that an “ancient god called Issa, or Jesus, was worshipped in Arabia at one time”. This worship predated the worship of the Christian godhead “by many centuries” (ibid, page 144).
 
"The Arabic transliteration of Yeshua (Jesus’ name in Hebrew) is Yasu, which is the name for Jesus used by Arabic-speaking Christians. The Qur’an, however, in Arabic refers to Jesus as Isa (pronounced “eesa”), and there is no small amount of confusion among commentators concerning the origin of this name. The most likely proposals are (1) that Isa is an indirect transliteration of Yeshua through multiple languages, (2) that Muhammad modified the name for literary purposes, and (3) that Muhammad was tricked into using the Arabic form of the Hebrew name “Esau” (presumably by Arabian Jews who referred to Jesus as “Esau” in a derogatory sense)." David Wood PhD, Fordham University www.equip.org COMMENT: Muhammad then likely did not mean Jesus but a new figure whose story was partly borrowed from the Jesus legends. 3 sounds as if it is the top explanation. Muhammad had no excuse for getting the name wrong or altering the name. He had Esau not Jesus.
 
The "Jesus" in the Koran is not Jesus for the information is different at all core points and Miriam Moses's sister is said to be his mother. The disciples are named differently so it is a figure who has overlaps with Jesus but who is not Jesus. Jesus and the disciples are so close in New Testament thought and Jesus gave them his authority that a Jesus with different ones is not the biblical one.
 
Islam may call Jesus the Christ or Messiah but not in the Christian sense. Islam says that Jesus is not the Messiah but his name is the Messiah. It is clear he is only a spokesman for God while Messiah in the Bible means Lord and ruler and king as in political king not just of Israel but of the whole world. Calling Jesus Messiah as in name is no good for it does not amount to confessing him as Messiah which is required doctrine in the New Testament. The writings of the apostle John say that there is no salvation for anybody who refuses to believe that Jesus is the Christ.
 
He is called Issa which was not Jesus' name. The Koran knows nothing of Jesus Christ but has another Messiah. Even the disciples have different names and Issa does not die on the cross and ascends to Heaven without a death or resurrection.

MARY A HOST MOTHER?

 

The Quran never actually says Mary was a mother in the normal sense.  It fits the view that she was not far from being like a surrogate with the embryo created by God.

[And mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah gives you good tidings of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary - distinguished in this world and the Hereafter and among those brought near [to Allah].

 

Jesus is described as a word from Allah which reminds you of the ancient heresy that Jesus was not really a man but a vision from God.


“Indeed God chose Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the family of Imran over the worlds. An offspring, like one another (in righteousness). And God is All-Hearing, All-Knowing. (And mention) when the wife of Imran said, ‘O my Lord, I have vowed to You what is in my womb, to be dedicated (to Your service), so accept this from me. Indeed, You are All-Hearing, All-Knowing.’ Then when she delivered her (Mary), she said, ‘O my Lord, I have delivered a female,’ and God knew best what she delivered, ‘And the male is not like the female, and I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You for her and for her children from Satan, the expelled (from the mercy of God).’” (Quran 3:33-36)

 

“So her Lord fully accepted her, and gave her a good upbringing, and put her under the care of Zechariah. Every time Zechariah entered upon her in the prayer room, he found her supplied with food. He said, ‘O Mary, where do you get this from?’ She said, ‘This is from God. Indeed, God provides for whom He wills, without limit.’” (Quran 3:37).


“And (mention) when the angels said, ‘O Mary, indeed God has chosen you, purified you, and chosen you above the women of the worlds.’ ‘O Mary, be devoutly obedient to your Lord and prostrate and bow down along those who bow down (in prayer).’ This is a part of the news of the unseen, which We reveal to you (O Muhammad). You were not with them when they cast lots with their pens to (decide) which of them should take care of Mary, nor were you with them when they disputed.” (Quran 3:42-44).

 

“(And mention) when the angels said, ‘O Mary, indeed God gives you the good news of a word from Him, whose name will be the Messiah Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and in the Hereafter, and of those who are near to God.’ ‘He will speak to the people in the cradle, and in old age, and he will be of the righteous.’ She said, ‘My Lord, how can I have a son when no man has touched me.’ He said, ‘So (it will be,) for God creates what He wants. When He decides something, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is. And He will teach him the Book and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel. And (will make him) a messenger to the Children of Israel (saying), ‘Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. I make for you out of clay the likeness of a bird, then breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by the permission of God. And I heal the blind and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by the permission of God. And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Surely, there is a sign for you in that, if you are believers. And (I have come) confirming the Torah that was (revealed) before me, and to allow you some of what was forbidden to you. And I have come to you with a proof from your Lord, so fear God and obey me. Indeed, God is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This is the straight path.” (Quran 3:45-51).  Jesus does not behave like a normal child at all for he is not a normal child.


“And mention in the Book (the story of) Mary, when she withdrew from her family to an eastern place. And she placed a screen to seclude herself from them. Then We sent to her Our angel (Gabriel), and he took the form of a well-created man before her. She said, “Indeed I seek refuge with the Most Merciful from you, if you do fear God.”[1] (The angel) said, ‘I am only the messenger of your Lord to give to you (the news of) a pure boy.’ She said, ‘How can I have a son, when no man has touched me (in marriage), and I am not a prostitute?’ He said, So your Lord said, ‘It is easy for Me. And We will make him a sign to people and a mercy from Us. And it is a matter (already) decided.’”(Quran 19:16-21).  Notice how the angel is like a man but he is not.  Jesus could be like that too.


“And she who guarded her chastity, so We breathed (a spirit) into her through Our angel, and We made her and her son (Jesus) a sign for the worlds.”(Quran 21:91).  Jesus is a spirit.

 

The Quran never speaks of conception as male and female seeds coming together. “So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree. She said, ‘I wish I had died before this, and had been long forgotten.  Then (baby Jesus) called her from below her, saying, ‘Don’t be sad. Your Lord has provided a stream under you.’ Shake the trunk of the palm tree towards you, and it will drop on you fresh ripe dates. So eat and drink and be happy. And if you see any human, then say, ‘Indeed I have vowed a fast to the Most Merciful so I will not speak to any human today.’ Then she carried him and brought him to her people. They said, ‘O Mary, indeed you have done a great evil.’ ‘O sister of Aaron, your father was not an evil man, and your mother was not a fornicator.’ So she pointed to him. They said, ‘How can we speak to a child in the cradle?’ (Jesus) said, ‘Indeed, I am a slave of God. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.  And He has made me blessed wherever I may be, and He has enjoined on me prayer and charity as long as I remain alive. And (has made) me kind to my mother, and did not make me arrogant or miserable. And peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I will die, and the day I will be raised alive.’” (Quran 19:22-33).  Jesus saying, "Peace be upon me the day I was born, and the day I will die, and the day I will be raised alive" sounds hypothetical.  The Quran does not say he was speaking as a prophet here or infallibly.  The verse does not prove that Jesus will die but is about praying for peace if he should die.


“Indeed, Jesus is like Adam in front of God. He created him from dust, then said to him, ‘Be,’ and he was” (Quran 3:59). This is a clear statement that like Adam Jesus did not have a literal mother but a host mother.

 

Mary only got pregnant because Gabriel breathed Jesus into her as a spirit.


“And God gives as an example for those who believe, the wife of Pharaoh, when she said, ‘My Lord, build for me a home near You in paradise, and save me from Pharaoh and his deeds, and save me from the wrongdoing people.’ And (the example of) Mary, the daughter of Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew (the spirit of Jesus) into her through Our angel (Gabriel). And she believed in the words of her Lord, and His scriptures, and she was of the devout ones.” (Quran 66:11-12).


It seems the correct meaning is: And Maryam, the daughter of Imran, who guarded her chastity [private part]) meaning, who protected and purified her honor, by being chaste and free of immorality. (And We breathed into it [private part] through Our Ruh) meaning, through the angel Gabriel. Allah sent the angel Gabriel to Maryam, and he came to her in the shape of a man in every respect. Allah commanded him to blow into a gap of her garment and that breath went into her womb through her private part; this is how Isa was conceived.  Tafsir Ibn Kathir, abr., vol. 10 (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Darussalam Publishers, 2000), 55–56. Roman text (portions not in italics) indicate Qur’an quotations.

The Quran gives no evidence that Mary was the real mother of Jesus or that Jesus was a real man.  It is more like a spirit who behaved as a man.

 

The other problem is that the Quran does not call Jesus Jesus.  Its messiah is Issa.

 

ISSA WAS MARRIED

 

It was narrated from Sa’d bin Hisham that he came to the Mother of the Believers, ‘Aishah. He said: “I want to ask you about celibacy; what do you think about it?” She said: “Do not do that; have you not heard that Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, says: ‘And indeed We sent Messengers before you, and made for them wives and offspring’? So do not be celibate” (Sunan an-Nasa’i 3216).

 

INFANCY GOSPEL OF THOMAS

 

The Quran uses the legends about Jesus from the Infancy Gospel of Thomas as if they could be true.  Remember the Jesus in the following verse is actually Issa.  Jesus is not the right translation.  "When Allah will say: O Jesus, son of Mary, remember My favour to thee and to thy mother, when I strengthened thee with the Holy Spirit; thou spokest to people in the cradle and in old age, and when I taught thee the Book and the Wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel, and when thou didst determine out of clay a thing like the form of a bird by My permission, then thou didst breathe into it and it became a bird by My permission; and thou didst heal the blind and the leprous by My permission; and when thou didst raise the dead by My permission; and when I withheld the Children of Israel from thee when thou camest to them with clear arguments -- but those of them who disbelieved said: This is nothing but clear enchantment" (5:110).

 

The use of a gospel that was not recognised by the New Testament shows that it is wrong to suppose the Quran respects the New Testament gospels.  In fact how could it when it says they are wrong that Jesus was crucified?  The gospel portrays Jesus as killing people with his miracles.  Jesus interestingly is not said to have raised himself! 

 

THE UNIMPORTANCE OF ISSA

There is evidence that a figure some take to be Jesus was worshipped before he was allegedly born. This Jesus was a god and like most gods was probably an invention.  I do not think this Jesus whose name is Issa is really Jesus Christ.

 

Even if he were, the Islamic creed denies gives him relative unimportance.

 

Issa is called faultless but so is John the Baptist (19:13).  Thus it is best interpreted as saying that a prophet is very good but not completely sinless.  Quran says Muhammad himself needs to repent!  As there is no difference in the prophets according to Allah it follows that Issa was not faultless in the absolute sense.

 

The revelation given by God through dictation in the Koran goes, "O People of the Scripture, do not commit excess in your religion or say about Allah except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, was but a messenger of Allah and His word which He directed to Mary and a soul [created at a command] from Him. So believe in Allah and His messengers. And do not say, "Three"; desist - it is better for you. Indeed, Allah is but one God. Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs."

 

“Believe in Allah and his messenger, and the Scripture which he hath sent to his messenger and the Scripture which he sent to those before him. Any who denieth Allah, his angels, his books, his messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.” (Q 4:136 The Holy Quran, tr. Yusuf Ali).  Jesus is not even mentioned while the New Testament makes Jesus central and the way and the truth and the salvation.  In practice, the revelation means considering only the Koran as pure and any other scripture as corrupted so though it may have the word of God you need the Koran to sort through the fog.  In reality the only authority is the Koran.  So as Jesus virtually is the New Testament he is being rejected in favour of the Koran.  Jesus is equated with unknown prophets such as Hud, Salih, Shu‘aib.  The idea is that there would be no problem if Allah wrote in the Koran about Hud instead of Jesus!

 

The Koran God complains that the Jews honour Ezra as the Son of Allah and the Christians honour Messiah as the Son.  It says Allah fights them for such doctrines and they are perverse and have taken as Lords besides Allah their rabbis and monks (Surah 9).  It is clear from this that the problem is is saying somebody is the voice of God.  Ezra was never seen as anything other than a man and its true the Jews saw him as a son of Allah like other men would have been.  The warning is about how prophets can be respected in themselves as holy men when they should be seen as mere mouthpieces for God.  Messiah and Ezra are put on the same footing.  There is no evidence that any Jews ever honoured Ezra as the Son of God.  The Koran claims to address the big issues not what any small sect was saying.  So overall the evidence is that it was opposing the Jewish veneration of Ezra instead of just caring about how he gave the Jews the word of God.

 

THE NON-CRUCIFIXION

 

“That they said (in boast), “We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah”;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not.” (4:157,Yusif Ali). The Koran never says Christ was crucified and says it is only hearsay that he was.  The plain reading of the verse is that the crucifixion is being challenged.  There was a legend that an illusion was worked on people to help them think Jesus died on the cross. The legend appears in the "Christian" work, the Acts of John.

 

"There is only one verse in the whole Qur'an addressing the subject of the crucifixion and it denies it as an historical fact in such emphatic terms that one must surely believe that this is the book's express intention. The text has to be somewhat tortured to make it yield an alternative interpretation, especially where this turns out to be a hidden meaning completely contrary to its obvious teaching. The contrast between Acts 2.23 ("This Jesus . . . you crucified and killed ") and Surah 4.157 ("They neither crucified nor killed him") can lead to only one safe conclusion - the Qur'an's intention to specifically deny both the crucifixion of Jesus and his death on the cross. One finds thus that the foundation of orthodox opinion in Islam on the fate of Jesus has always been that the Qur'an teaches that he was never put on the cross. The Qur'an and the Bible, therefore, must be taken to contradict each other in no uncertain terms on this issue".

 

The verse clearly shows that anybody who says the Jews killed Jesus is only guessing for it is certain they did not kill him.  It accuses the boasters of doubting that they killed Jesus as in doubting that anybody knows what really happened.  This does not fit the New Testament where the death of Jesus by crucifixion was a certainty.

 

The verse distinguishes crucifying Jesus from killing him.  The Jews never claimed to have crucified Christ.  If the Romans nailed Jesus that would still allow for the Jews killing him if they got the Romans to do it. But the Jews never claimed that either.  Christian belief as expressed by the New Testament data is clear that there is no reason to think the Jews would have seen themselves as killing the messenger of God.  They seen Jesus as a fraud. 

 

Some offer the bizarre claim that the the Koran teaches that God or somebody else killed Jesus on the cross not the Jews so it is not a denial of the crucifixion.  The idea that God killed Jesus would not exclude him using the Jews to do it. It goes without saying that for Jews or Romans to kill Jesus means God was doing it too for as creator God is responsible for all that happens.  It makes no sense that the Koran would think the Jews were taking all the credit for killing Jesus.  Do we want to be left thinking that Allah murdered Jesus directly on the cross! 

 

The Koran would not need to mention and deal with the boast unless Jesus really did not die. Though the Koran says Jesus will die it never says he died on the cross.  A verse reads, "God said, ‘O Jesus, I will make you die, raise you up to me, purify you from those who disbelieved, and lift those who have followed you above the disbelievers until the day of resurrection, then you will all return to me.'”  The Koran has Jesus being taken to Heaven and he is yet to die.

 

The Koran does not say where the information about killing the Christ came from.  The text says the boasters only guessed they killed him or crucified him.   So the Koran is probably saying God has revealed that some liars thought they killed Issa.  The information probably is related to the data in the New Testament or the Christian faith.  The Koran by saying that the subject is full of guesses and the only thing that is sure is that Jesus was not killed is denying the importance of any New Testament evidence.  It is effectively denying Christianity.

 

The Koran is reasoning that Issa was too special for God to allow him to be murdered.  Thus the Issa of the Koran is not Jesus for as Paul says the death of Jesus and his return is the core of the faith.

 

Morally the Koran Issa cannot be Jesus if the latter was a man of peace.  Issa as a prophet and forerunner of violent Muhammad and his violent revelation from God is not a man of peace. 

 

The Koran curses those who accept Christian ideas about Christ.  "The Jews call ‘Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah’s curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!" (9:30, Yusif Ali).

 

The Koran denies that Jesus in any way is better or worse than any other prophet of God.

 

“We believe in Allah and in that which was sent down to us and that which was sent down to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the tribes. And that which was given to Moses and Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them!” Surah 3:84.

 

It is not what Christians want to hear for Abraham was willing to murder his son as a sacrifice and had concubines and Moses was a warlord!  The text talks about what is sent down but this most probably means oral tradition for Abraham and Ishmael and the others wrote nothing.  There is no information at all on paper about say what Isaac wrote or prophesied or Ishmael either.

 

ABROGATION

 

The Quran asserts the right to annul or abrograte the teaching of the likes of Issa.  This denies Jesus' assertion that he is the Truth and the Word and the Logos.

Never did We send a messenger or a prophet before thee, but, when he framed a desire, Satan threw some (vanity) into his desire: but Allah will cancel anything (vain) that Satan throws in, and Allah will confirm (and establish) His Signs: for Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom -  see Qur'an 22:52.

Quran 9:29 cancels anything that commands peace towards the Church or the Christians. The verse goes, Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture - [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled. 

 

Thus opposition to Christianity is enjoined.

 

QURAN ONLY?

 

If we are to follow the Quran only then it follows that the New Testament and the Christian Jesus are out.

 

http://www.submission.org/dozen.html

1- The Quran commands all Muslims to follow the Quran Alone, this command is found in numerous verses, the following are examples:

"These are God's revelations that We recite to you truthfully. In which Hadith other than God and His revelations do they believe?" 45:6

"Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed?" 6:114

2- The Quran confirms that the only Sunna is the Sunna of God. No where in the Quran is there any mention of Sunna't Muhammad!!!!

"You will find that the Sunna of Allah is the only Sunna" (33:62....35:43.....48:23)

3- The Quran confirms that the only duty of Muhammad (or of any messenger) is to deliver God's message, and not to teach any other teachings.

"The only duty of the messenger is to deliver God's message" 5:99 (also in 5:92.... 16:35.......16:82.....24:54.......29:18.....42:48.......64:12)

4- God commands the believers to obey the prophet, but God also makes sure that the obedience to the prophet is linked to obeying the message he delivered and nothing else. Obeying the prophet does not mean that he had a Sunna to be obeyed.

The confirmation that the obedience of the prophet is linked to obeying the message he delivered (the Quran) is confirmed in the following verse:

"Obey God and obey the messenger. If you shall turn away then the sole of the messenger is to deliver the message (the Quran)" 64:12

Note how the obedience to the prophet and the deliverance of the Quran are linked in the same verse.

5- You will never read any where in the Quran words like "Obey God and obey Muhammad" or obey Jesus, or Moses..........always the word messenger........that is to emphasise that what is to be obeyed is the message of God and not the personal words of any messenger.

6- The Quran also confirms that Muhammad was commanded not to teach any other teachings, otherwise he would incur severe punishment from God:

"It (the Quran) is a revelation from the Lord of the universe. Had he (Muhammad) uttered any other teachings, We would have grabbed him by the right, and We would have severed his Wateen (Major artery of the heart), none of you could have helped him." 69:43-47

7- Muhammad was made to swear that the only revelation he received from God was the Quran. The following verse confirms that all what is known as (Hadith Qodsy) are lies that the prophet is innocent of:

"Say (O Muhammad) what is of the greatest testimony? Say: God is the witness between me and you, and this Quran has been inspired to me, that I may warn you and whomever it reaches" 6:19

If the hadith Al-Qodsy was truly God speaking to Muhammad as they falsely claim would'nt the verse carry a testimony to that ???

Nowhere in the Quran is there any indication that Muhammad received from God anything other than the Quran.

8- Prophet Muhammad himself commanded his people not to write his hadith, this is documented in Muslim and other books:

"Do not write down anything of me except the Quran. Whoever writes other than that should delete it" (Ahmed, Vol. 1, page 171.....also Sahih Muslim)

9- For the first 150 years to 200 years after the death of the prophet the writing of his hadith was forbidden, in accordance with his commands. The first one to document a comprehensive collection of hadith was Al-Bukhari (Note that Al-Bukhari was born in the year 198 After Hijrah..........does that make you think????)

Even if we were to follow the hadith, how accurate can a collection of sayings documented two centuries after the death of the prophet be?????

10- God commands the prophet in the Quran to say that he is infallible in the revelation he delivers, but that he may commit errors in his personal words and hadith:

"Say:If I err , I err because of my shortcomings, and if I am rightly guided it is due to the revelation I receive from my Lord" 34:50

In spite of that confirmation and also 6 incidents in the Quran when the prophet is reprimanded by God, for errors he committed, the worshippers of Muhammad claim that he was infallible!!!! These 6 incidents are found in (87-68......9:43.......9:113-114........ 33:37..........66:1.........80:1-11 )

11- The Quran confirms that for every prophet there will be enemies of the devils of humans and jinns who will fabricate fancy sayings and attribute them to the prophet to deceive the people:

"We have permitted the enemies of every prophet, human and jinn devils, to inspire in each other fancy sayings, in order to deceive" 6:112

God also asserts that only the disbelievers will listen to such fabrications (see 6:113)

12- Finally, we are told that the Quran is totally sufficient for the genuine believer for the following reasons:

A- The Quran is not in need of an annex since it is complete:

"The word of your Lord is complete in truth and justice" 6:115

B- The Quran is not in need of an explanatory supplement since it is clear and is not ambiguous:

"A.L.R. These are the signs of the clear book" 12:1

"We have made it (the Quran) easy to understand and in your own tongue (language) may you take heed." 44:58

C- The Quran is not in need of a correction manual since it is perfect and harbours no contradictions:

"A.L.R. This is a book whose verses have been perfected" 11:1

D- The Quran is not in need of a step by step guide since it is fully detailed:

"Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed?" 6:114

For all these reasons, all Muslims should follow the Quran, the whole Quran and nothing but the Quran.

PRAISE GOD

 

WORKS CONSULTED

 

Conspiracies and the Cross, Timothy Paul Jones, Front Line, A Strang Company, Florida, 2008
The House of the Messiah, Ahmed Osman, Grafton, London, 1993
The Jesus Mysteries, Timothy Freke and Peter Gandy, Thorsons, London, 1999
The MythMaker, St Paul and the Invention of Christianity, Hyam Maccoby, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London, 1986
The Nag Hammadi Library in English, Ed James M Robinson HarperCollins New York 1990
The Pagan Christ, Tom Harpur, Thomas Allen Publishers, Toronto, 2004
Who Was Jesus? A Conspiracy in Jerusalem, by Kamal Salabi, I.B. Taurus and Co Ltd., London, 1992
Who Was Jesus? NT Wright, SPCK, London, 1993