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The "Prime" Suspect, Jack the Ripper

 

In 1888, the most infamous murders of all time took place in London’s East End. Five prostitutes, destitute women who knew of no other way to survive, were slaughtered and/or mutilated by a supposedly unknown killer who bears the nickname Jack the Ripper.

 

The identity of the killer is controversial and many believe the right man will never be named.

 

The best judges are those who may have had knowledge that has been lost to us.

 

Assistant Chief Constable Macnaghten, Sir Robert Anderson and Chief Inspector Donald Swanson certainly claimed to be in that position!

 

Macnaghten: The Kosminski Suspect
 
Assistant Chief Constable Macnaghten wrote in 1894 about the suspect Kosminski,
 
Kosminksi, a Polish Jew, and resident in Whitechapel. This man became insane owing to many year’s indulgence in solitary vices. He had a great hatred of women, especially of the prostitute class, and had strong homicidal tendencies; he was removed to a lunatic asylum about March 1889. There were many circs connected with this man which made him a strong ‘suspect’.”

 
Macnaghten was responsible for the destruction of some of the most important files on Jack the Ripper. He stated that he burned them to protect the murderer’s family (page 88, The Complete Jack the Ripper). His daughter however claimed that he lied about burning the papers to avoid being pestered by questions about them.
 
It is totally ridiculous to imagine that Macnaghten needed to burn papers that he read and studied to stop questions! It was what he remembered about the Ripper and the papers that the questioners wanted to know about. Why didn’t he just have the papers locked away somewhere where nobody could get to them? It was easy enough to have papers locked away for years so that nobody could get them until it was safe.
 
But it seems that Macnaghten did burn the papers as he said. When Macnaghten felt he should destroy the papers it shows he KNEW who the Ripper was. It shows something more important: Kosminski was the Ripper’s nickname not his name. Why burn papers to hide the Ripper’s identity and protect his family if Kosminski was the real name of the Ripper as he had stated in 1894? It doesn’t happen.
 
Many think he meant the itinerant Aaron Kosminski.  But they only think that.  We are not given any first name.  Aaron was an outcast from his poor family. To imagine needing to hide evidence to protect his family is ridiculous. Revelation of the Ripper’s identity would do a business family harm. It would do even more harm if the family was Jewish. My suspect Jacob Levy was once a well-to-do butcher who blamed his wife for his failures. His family were still successful butchers. They were Jewish.
 
Here are the seeming errors in Macnaghen's account.
 
#1 The name Kosminksi itself could be an error. We know the killer went to an asylum. The killer’s name could not have been Kosminski for the only candidate in the asylum records, Aaron Kosminski, was not the Ripper. Some say another Kosminski was enrolled in asylum records under a false name such as David Cohen. If it is true as some sources say, the Ripper was identified when he was already committed to an asylum, then there was no need to hide his name then. And the police were not going to declare him to be the Ripper to convict him for they couldn’t convict an insane person so there was no need to hide his identity. Kosminski was not the Ripper’s real name. It may have been his nickname or the name he used. This is perhaps where the police got it from. The name may have been created to hide the Ripper’s identity. We know that the police thought it was expedient to keep his identity under wraps.
 
The asylum had no reason to give the suspect a false name but the police had or they may have used the man's nickname.
 
#2 Macnaghten wrote that Kosminski was put in an asylum in March 1889. In fact Aaron Kosminski was committed in March but in the year 1891.
 
The solution to the “errors” is that the man he was thinking of was not Aaron Kosminksi and Kosminski was not the killer’s real name. The Ripper could not have been committed in March 1889. The date fits no known suspect.
 
Anderson’s Suspect
 
Sir Robert Anderson who was head of the Criminal Investigation Division of the London Metropolitan Police in 1888 declared in 1910 in Blackwood’s Magazine, Part 6, that the case of Jack the Ripper had been solved back then in 1888.
 
"One did not need to be a Sherlock Holmes to discover that the criminal was a sexual maniac of a virulent type; that he was living in the immediate vicinity of the scenes of the murders; and that, if he was not living absolutely alone, his people knew of his guilt, and refused to give him up to justice. During my absence abroad the Police had made a house-to-house search for him, investigating the case of every man in the district whose circumstances were such that he could go and come and get rid of his blood-stains in secret. And the conclusion we came to was that he and his people were low-class Jews, for it is a remarkable fact that people of that class in the East End will not give up one of their number to Gentile justice. And the result proved that our diagnosis was right on every point. For I may say at once that ‘undiscovered murders’ are rare in London, and the ‘Jack-the-Ripper’ crimes are not within that category. And if the Police here had powers such as the French Police possess, the murderer would have been brought to justice. Scotland Yard can boast that not even the subordinate officers of the department will tell tales out of school, and it would ill become me to violate the unwritten rule of the service…"
 
A footnote added: -
 
"Having regard to the interest attaching to this case, I should almost be tempted to disclose the identity of the murderer and of the pressman who wrote the letter [‘Dear Boss/Jack the Ripper’ letter] above referred to, provided that the publishers would accept all responsibility in view of a possible libel action. But no public benefit would result from such a course, and the traditions of my old department would suffer. I will only add that when the individual whom we suspected was caged in an asylum, the only person who had ever had a good view of the murderer at once identified him, but when he learned that the suspect was a fellow-Jew he declined to swear to him."
 
His reasons for not saying much more was that “no public benefit would result from such a course, and the traditions of my old department would suffer”. He also said in 1910 that the killer was a low-class Polish Jew. He disclosed that “when the individual whom we suspected was caged in an asylum, the only person who ever had a good view of the murderer at once identified him, but when he learned that the suspect was a fellow-Jew, he declined to swear to him.” He added that the killer was "a sexual maniac of a virulent type", that he lived "in the immediate vicinity of the scenes of the murders". He said that the man’s “utterly unmentionable vices reduced him to a lower level than that of the brute". Anderson was not referring to Aaron Kosminski who showed no sexual deviances in the asylum. Kelly’s murderer may have suggested sodomy to her for it is thought she was killed while lying with her back to the killer who was in bed behind her.

 

Anderson wrote, “For I may say at once that ‘undiscovered murders’ are rare in London, and the Jack the Ripper crimes are not within that category”. Also, “In saying he was a Polish Jew I am merely stating a definitely ascertained fact”.
 
Incidentally, when Anderson says that no benefit would come from naming the forger of the letter we have to be sceptical. If the forger was caught he should have been convicted. If he was not, then Anderson and the police had no proof that he was the forger. Thus we cannot listen to those who say Anderson refuted the authenticity of the Ripper letters.
 
Did Sir Robert Anderson have the same person in mind as Macnaghten? Or did they mistakenly think they had the same person in mind? Anderson was unlikely to resort to secrecy if the suspect had been named as Kosminski by Macnaghten in 1894. People would only assume it was Kosminksi Anderson meant. Either Kosminski was a false name – after all we know it was agreed that the Ripper shouldn’t be named to protect his family - or a nickname for the Ripper or Kosminski was not identified as the Ripper. That Macnaghten didn’t have to fear a libel case years before and Anderson did, indicates that Macnaghten had a different name but not necessarily person in mind from Anderson.
 
Insane people couldn’t be hanged. Anderson by saying that the killer was an inmate of the asylum when identified and that the witness didn’t want to swear to it for the killer was a fellow-Jew was indicating that the killer wasn’t insane all the time so the killer might still have ended up at the end of a noose.
 
Anderson says that the witness who identified the suspect without hesitation refused to testify against him in the murder trial they hoped to have when he learned that the suspect was a Jew. The words, “but when he learned that the suspect was a fellow-Jew he declined to swear to him” tell us that the witness didn’t know who he was asked to identify or that he didn’t know the killer personally. The latter is doubtful because the witness must have known the killer to be able to identify him months and years after seeing him at the scene of a crime. The witness must have known the suspect when he was so sure it was him after getting only a quick look at him. There had to have been rumours about who this suspect was among the Jewish community. The witness would have known a Jew by his appearance. It seems then that he didn’t know who the suspect was until he met him. Chances are the Jews in such a small area as Whitechapel all knew each other. And we can’t believe that the police knowing that Jews didn’t tell on each other would tell the witness that the suspect was a Jew as well!
 
A house to house search of the Whitechapel area in October 1888 led Anderson to declare: “The conclusion we came to was that he and his people were low-class Jews… and the result proved that our diagnosis was right on every point". The result can only refer to the positive identification of the killer by a fellow Jew. He speaks of proof here. This identification must have taken place after the Kelly murder. It may have been the reason the killer stopped killing.

Swanson and the Ripper
 
Chief Inspector Donald Swanson, head of the Ripper investigation, wrote in 1910 that the Ripper was identified at the Seaside Home and was returned to Whitechapel and later he went to Stepney Workhouse and then to Colney Hatch, Lunatic Asylum. He wrote that Kosminski was this man and he died soon after.
 
"After the suspect had been identified at the Seaside Home where he had been sent by us with difficulty in order to subject him to identification, and he knew he was identified. On suspect’s return to his brother’s house in Whitechapel he was watched by police (City CID) by day & night. In a very short time the suspect with his hands tied behind his back, he was sent to Stepney Workhouse and then to Colney Hatch and died shortly afterwards – Kosminski was the suspect – DSS"
 
Aaron Kosminski never went to Stepney Workhouse - there is no record of it (page 63, Jack the Ripper’s Black Magic Rituals).  And we cannot be sure it was Aaron he meant for he gives no first name.  I think Kosminski was a false name for Jacob Levy.  Jacob Levy never went to Stepney either so this error made by Swanson doesn’t worry anybody. Its just a mistake and need not be considered in working out who he meant.
 
He wrote that the suspect had been identified by a witness at the Seaside Home. And that the killer had been identified by a witness who wouldn’t testify against him because both suspect and witness were Jewish. He said the witness did this "because the suspect was also a Jew and also because his evidence would convict the suspect and witness would be the means of murderer being hanged which he did not wish to be left on his mind. And after this identification which suspect knew no other murder of this kind took place in London."
 
Swanson wrote that the witness would have been the cause of the murderer being hanged had he testified that this man was indeed the murderer. Swanson then is hinting that the police did know who the killer was but just needed a sworn identification to prove it. How else could a sworn identification be sure to lead to the gallows? Identifying somebody as the killer doesn’t mean that your word will be taken for it. There must be evidence to support what you say.
  
The witness made it clear that he didn’t want the man hanged so he must have been certain that the suspect was indeed the killer. The suspect was watched by police when he went back to his brother’s home in Whitechapel day and night showing the police were sure he was the killer but had no proof. Soon the suspect had to be taken with hands tied behind his back to Stepney Workhouse and then the asylum at Colney Hatch where he died soon after. Then we are finally told, “Kosminksi was the suspect”. Aaron Kosminski was totally and permanently insane and couldn’t be hanged anyway. The witness had nothing to fear from testifying. Jacob Levy wasn’t always insane and wasn’t thought to be insane at the time and would have hanged.
 
After the identification, the killer didn’t kill any more. Swanson speaks as if the identification put the killer off committing any more murders which fits his saying the killer was sent back to Whitechapel. Aaron Kosminski was too irrational to think like that so our Ripper wasn’t insane all the time.

 

Kosminiski was in Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum when Frances Coles was murdered. The date of his admission was 7 February 1891.  The identification must have taken place after the killing of other women who were thought to be victims of the Ripper such as Frances Coles and Alice McKenzie.
 
Those who think Kosminksi is Aaron Kosminski say that Swanson erred in saying that Kosminski died soon after being committed. Aaron Kosminski lived decades after. The solution is that the Kosminksi was not Aaron.
 
Why didn’t the reports give Kosminksi’s first name? Not even an initial was given in the Machnaghten report, though it gave a first name to another suspect and the first initials of another? There is no proof that this Kosminski carried the first name Aaron. It has been down to the fact that the only Kosminksi that went into an asylum was an Aaron Kosminski that led to the theory that Aaron Kosminski was Jack the Ripper. This person matched some of the things these men said about him. But so did several other Ripper suspects.


Matches and Mismatches

 

The Jewish  butcher Jacob Levy perhaps ended up being confused with the Polish Jew, Kosminski, a major police suspect.

 

This man is believed to be Aaron Kosminksi.  He was not the Ripper for he was totally incoherent to talk to and ate scraps off the street. Not the kind of man who could get a prostitute to go with him or be good at dodging the police!  None of what they said points the finger at Aaron Kosminski. The hatred of women, hatred of prostitutes, the insanity, the Jewishness, and the other facts about Aaron prove nothing.

 

The only matches with Aaron Kosminski is first, that Swanson’s Kosminski was incarcerated in Colney Hatch. Aaron Kosminski was indeed put there. The second is that Kosminksi was a Polish Jew. Aaron Kosminski was a Polish Jew.

 

Aaron Kosminksi may not be the Kosminski named by those who were working on solving the case.  Nobody knows who Kosminski refers to.  But when you see the possible matches between the Kosminski named as the killer and Levy it is possible Levy was mixed up with him.

 

To assert that the police possibly mixed Levy and the Kosminski person, whoever he was, up is a controversial assertion and one that now demands to be examined. 

 

Macnaghten, Anderson and Swanson worked on the case and must know things that nobody else knew.  What they wrote and said carries more weight than all the modern speculations about the Ripper put together.

Anderson says the suspect was caged in an asylum when identified. Swanson says he was staying with his brother and wasn’t put in the asylum yet. This is not necessarily an error. There might have been two identifications.  Perhaps the police wanted to make sure the witness was able to pick the suspect out of an identity parade. After all it had been a long time since the witness saw the suspect at a crime scene.

The errors make it possible that Kosminski was confused with Jacob Levy.

It seems that Jacob Levy is the best fit for being the Kosminksi suspect.

Here are the similarities in the accounts and reports that exist between Kosminski and Jacob Levy and they can account for a mix-up.
Kosminksi and Levy were Jews.  

 

Kosminksi was a Polish Jew but Levy was a Dutch Jew.

Kosminski was committed in March 1889 according to Macnaghten.  Jacob Levy was committed in August 1890. That is pretty close. And, assuming Kosminski means Aaron Kosminski, even more so when the correct year of the admission was 1891! It’s easier to make a mistake and say 1889 when you should have said 1890. And especially when they are adjacent years. It is unlikely then that he was thinking of 1891!  

 

Nobody knows when the killer was identified at the Seaside Home Brighton. But it happened after the Home opened in March 1890 and before the killer was committed. The killer was identified and sent home before he was committed under a police watch. He couldn’t have been home long – the police wouldn’t have went to such a huge expense. Jacob Levy having been committed in August 1890 and possibly identified in March 1890 is the best match. The records are confused but it seems this scenario sorts it out.


Kosminksi and Levy both lived in Whitechapel.

 

Levy lived with a friend and Aaron Kosminksi with his brother but if the Kosminski is not Aaron then we must remember that lots of troubled people would have stayed with brothers. Levy’s friend must have been related to him when he was willing to take in a man prone to fits of insanity. It is possible that Levy stayed temporarily with a brother or just now and again.

 

Both hated women.


Both were insane but only Levy would have had sufficient sanity and intelligence to commit the crimes.

Both wandered the streets and could have been out the nights the women were murdered. Levy was very restless at night and paced back and forth a lot. Eventually his wife would have told him to go and do his pacing outside instead of disturbing the house. She said: “he does not sleep at nights and wanders around aimlessly for hours.” So like Kosminski he was probably on the streets when the murders took place.

 

Aaron Kosminski engaged in masturbation and that was blamed for his mental illness. The Kosminski accused by the police was fond of solitary vices.  Levy probably was as well.  Levy didn’t give his wife syphilis indicating that he was using masturbation. The Ripper didn’t have sex with his victims – even the pretty Mary Kelly - indicating that he may have preferred masturbation the solitary vice. Kosminski would have probably masturbated at the crime scene but Levy didn’t for his masturbating wasn’t compulsive like Levy’s.

Assuming the Kosminski is Aaron, both would have looked about the same age. Levy was born in 1856. Aaron Kosminski was twenty-five in 1891 making him born in 1866. Aaron Kosminski had maltreated himself so severely that he would have looked ten years older. He would have passed for Levy’s age. Levy had an easier life than Kosminski who would have been aged prematurely by poverty and his maltreatment of himself and by the horrors he experienced in Poland before coming to England. Kosminski knew he was mentally ill and believed at times that if he starved himself he would get better. All this would have made him look older.

Some would say that both had violent tendencies. Levy did have stronger violent tendencies than Aaron Kosminski. Aaron Kosminski lifted a knife to his sister but in the asylum there were no instructions for keeping him away from people he could endanger. It seems to have been a misunderstanding or something for it was thought to be a once-off. It can be said then that what the reports said about the Kosminski suspect matches Levy better. Kosminksi sounds like a lunatic who was easily restrained.  Could he have been the man who was able to strangle struggling prostitutes and cut their throats and exercise such violence that Annie Chapman’s head nearly came off? The Kosminksi suspect was taken from Whitechapel to the Seaside Home, Brighton, for identification with his hands tied behind his back as if he could be uncontrollable. This was possibly not Aaron Kosminski.

Levy was not always insane unlike Aaron Kosminski so he could have been found guilty of the crimes and hanged. Does this explain how a witness could identify the Ripper and refuse to testify in case he would be hanged?  A total mental case would have been incarcerated forever in a mental asylum.

Now to the objections to the hypothesis that Jacob Levy was the suspect and was misnamed or nicknamed as Kosminski.

 

Levy was not a Polish Jew. If he used the nickname Kosminski he might have been thought to have been a Polish Jew. He might have thought he was a Polish Jew during his delusions. Kosminksi was a common name among Polish Jews and this could have led to the idea that the Ripper was Polish.

Levy was committed to the City of London Asylum, Stone, Kent where he died. Kosminski was committed to Colney Hatch. This Kosminski "was sent to Stepney Workhouse and then to Colney Hatch and died shortly afterwards".  Kosminski was not the real Aaron Kosminski.  The latter went to Leavesden Asylum for Imbeciles, where he died in 1919.  Kosminski may have been like Aaron in some respects but was not him.

New Ripper suspect Hyam Hyams, is thought to be this man who was sent to Colney Hatch. Hyam Hyams was taken there under restraint but he never went to Stepney workhouse. But his case is important if but for one reason. There is no doubt that all who named Kosminski were confused a little. Some details about Hyam Hyams could have been confused with Jacob Levy's as both were known to Ripper witness Joseph Levy. Hyams was related to Joseph Levy’s wife. Is this confusion where the idea that the Ripper went to Colney Hatch came from?  Was Hyams who went to Colney Hatch mixed up with Levy who didn't go there so that people thought that Levy went there?  Hyams could not have been the Ripper because he didn’t hide his violence towards women, his wife and his mother and was an uncontrollable maniac. And he lived too long after ending up in Colney Hatch to have been the Ripper. While Swanson and Anderson could err about where the Ripper ended up they couldn’t err too much about the time of his death. Both stated that the Ripper passed to his reward in Hell soon after the crimes. That is the one thing that mustn’t be ignored.


Levy never went to the Stepney Workhouse as far as we know.  But according to Swanson the Kosminski suspect did before being signed into Colney Hatch. However we know that Aaron Kosminski was never in Stepney Workhouse. So he has that in common with Levy. Swanson made an error which has no relevance to the case.

Macnaghten’s suspect entered the asylum in March 1889.
  
This date was an error.


We can dismiss these as refutations of the hypothesis that Jacob Levy was the Ripper for five important reasons.

There is no doubt that the facts about the killer were confused with the facts concerning somebody else for what they wrote fits nobody exactly.

There are similarities between what we know of Jacob Levy and the police suspect.

We will see later that there was a reason to have Jacob Levy identified at the Seaside Home and none to have Aaron Kosminski or anybody else identified there.

Jacob Levy was the Kosminski suspect. His being given the name Kosminksi may be due to it being a confusion with the real Kosminski or a nickname or just a name the police used to hide the Ripper’s identity.

Was Aaron Kosminski the Kosminski Suspect?

What detectives living in the times of the Ripper believed matters more than what any modern Ripperologist believes. Levy is a better match for the Kosminksi suspect than anybody else. We know the Levys who may have been related to him were close to the Kosminskis. 

 

Aaron Kosminski was just days locked away in an asylum when the police began searching for Jack the Ripper as a result of the Frances Coles murder of 13th February 1891. So it proves they didn’t know who the Ripper was then and that they had no proof that it was Aaron Kosminski. He wasn’t put away until two years had passed since the last Ripper murder. He couldn’t have been the Ripper for he was not the suspect identified by a Jewish witness. If he had been he would have been put away sooner. The witness who identified the Ripper would not have been taken to identify a madman.
 ___________________________________


Aaron Kosminksi was so insane that the police wouldn’t have been allowed to have him identified as the killer after his incarceration in an asylum. Jacob Levy would have been a different case with having attacks of insanity.
 
Aaron Kosminski was not a sexual maniac whose vices were so unmentionable that he was lower than a brute. He suffered from compulsive masturbation but the way Anderson speaks of the Kosminski person is as if he was an extreme and unusual kind of pervert. Perhaps somebody that had sexual fantasies about mutilating prostitutes. Kosminski had lived on the streets which wouldn’t have been the case had he suffered from extreme sex addiction. The Ripper showed no sign of any sexual interest in the prostitutes he slain. Levy may have got his syphilis from prostitutes while Aaron hated them and women in general and so he would not have had any depraved sexual desire to have sex with fallen women. Kosminski wasn’t syphilitic so it was unlikely that he was ever with prostitutes.
 
Anderson speaks of the Ripper in the past tense as if the Ripper were dead. Aaron Kosminski, the only person that could have been referred to by Macnaghten if Macnaghten was using Kosminksi as a real name was still alive then when Anderson wrote in 1910.
 
The evidence for Kosminski’s guilt is non-existent but there is evidence for Levy’s.
 
Aaron Kosminski was not the suspect.
 
The Ripper was known on the streets. He may have used the name Kosminski to persuade women that they didn’t know him at all or to mislead them. There is no evidence for the view that Kosminski was Nathan Kaminsky who was put away for syphilis treatment in March 1888. Martin Fido thinks his name was also David Cohen who was totally violent. The Ripper of course was not. He was only violent when he wasn’t being watched.
 
The Ripper victims had different names. Mary Ann Nicholls was often known as Polly Nichols. Annie Chapman as Annie Sivvey. Catherine Eddowes was also known as Catherine Conway. Worse, her other name was Mary Ann Kelly! Mary Jane Kelly was Mary Jeanette Davies by marriage. So it stands to reason that the Ripper may have had more than one name too. I think Jacob Levy was also known as Kosminski! No real Kosminski fits the bill for being the Ripper.

 
Levy was described as suffering from mania and hearing voices. This must have taken a religious form at times. Aaron Kosminski showed no tendency towards religious mania. Religious extremism was a leading feature of the Ripper’s mania. There is reason to believe that the Ripper murders were faith-motivated.

 

We know the statements about the killer are confused and we know that Kosminksi can’t really be the name of the killer. If the suspect was Jacob Levy then Jacob Levy was Jack the Ripper.

 

Death of the Ripper

 

According to Detective Inspector Edmund Reid, the Ripper died before the year 1896. It was declared that, "The mania was of a nature which must long ago have resulted in the death of the maniac - an opinion that is borne out by the best medical experts who have studied the case”. This suggests that the killer suffered from a killer disease such as syphilis and mania like Jacob Levy did. They were surprised he lived as long as he did. Aaron Kosminski’s mania and sickness had no reason to kill him. Aaron Kosminski was not Jack the Ripper.

 

When we read that the Ripper went to Colney Hatch we are left with the impression that he died there. Aaron Kosminski was there a while but was longer in to Leavesden Asylum for Imbeciles, which was his abode until his death in 1919. If they had meant Aaron Kosminski one would expect them if they were going to mention an asylum they would have mentioned the one he was longest in.
 
There is one thing no mistake could have been made about: the time the Ripper died. Aaron Kosminksi was committed to an Asylum in 1891 not 1889 and lived for several years after. The Swanson Kosminski suspect died according to Swanson soon after being committed which may indicate 1891. Levy died in 1891. Whatever errors that our writers made one thing is certain: they could not have made a mistake concerning the Ripper having died and at least roughly when. You don’t forget things like that. Aaron Kosminski may have been mixed up with their suspect but he was not the suspect.

 

Why the Seaside Home?
 
Kosminski was identified as the Ripper at the Seaside Home in Brighton. This does not mean that the Ripper was committed there only that he was brought there. Jacob Levy, who we think was Kosminski, could have been brought there. Swanson wrote that there was difficulty with getting the suspect there. Evidently the difficulties were not in restraining him if insane or transporting him there. If he had been that awkward he would have been committed in which case there would have been no point in trying to get him identified. It must have had to do with different police jurisdictions and the red tape. It has been pointed out that Joseph Hyam Levy lived at a point near Middlesex Street probably on the boundary between the City Police and the Metropolitan jurisdictions. Jurisdiction problems could have come up if he was the identification witness. But Swanson says the difficulties were to do with the suspect. It was not that the suspect didn’t want to go for he wouldn’t have known who the witness was going to be. The answer is simple. The killer lived in Middlesex Street. One half of the street was City Police jurisdiction and the other was Metropolitan. Jacob Levy is the only possible Ripper suspect to have lived there. Sion Square where Aaron Kosminksi lived couldn’t have had this problem. Jacob Levy was Jack the Ripper.
 
Joseph Levy abandoned his butchering trade in 1891. He left the place where he lived. He left Hutchinson Street and the Middlesex Street vicinity. He ran a loan office with a partner at Mansell Street, Aldgate. It looks like he was advised by the police to do this. If so, then the Ripper and the Ripper’s family probably lived on Middlesex Street and was a butcher. He may have had to get away from butchers and Middlesex Street simply because he had revealed to the police who the Ripper was. The City Police watched a suspect working in Butcher’s Row, Aldgate.
 
When did the witness who had to have been Joseph Levy identify the killer at the Seaside Home? Nobody knows. The Seaside Home opened at Brighton in March 1890. Jacob Levy was committed in August 1890 to the asylum. If the killer was identified before he was put in an asylum then the identification took place between March 1890 and August 1890, when Levy was committed.
 
Now why did the identification take place at the Seaside Home in Brighton? This was very far away from London. Joseph Levy moved to Brighton and he travelled to Brighton a lot before the move. The killer was taken to the Seaside Home to be identified by Joseph Levy because Joseph Levy was associated with Brighton. It is said that the killer was taken there to avoid press sensationalism and to keep the affair quiet. But they didn’t have to go so far away. And the affair wasn’t intended to be kept quiet, they wanted to reveal the Ripper to the world. They couldn’t stop the witness from speaking out – he did make an identification but not a sworn one.
 
If the witness lived near the killer’s family or if he was related to the killer an identification far far away would be in order. And when the police went to all that trouble it proves they knew that the witness was worth taking seriously. They had other reasons for believing what he said apart from any testimony he would have given.
 
The identification was some several months after the killing of Mary Kelly in November 1888. So the witness took a long time to come forward or perhaps he did before that but owing to one delay and another and to police red tape it didn’t happened sooner. It proves then that the witness did more than just see the killer but he knew the killer personally. How else could he remember him so well? Under no other circumstances would the police accept the testimony of a witness identifying a person some time after the event. So the witness knew the killer and red tape did delay the identification.
 
Did the identification take place before or after the suspect was committed to an asylum? The sources disagree but it probably took place before. A lunatic couldn’t be identified as a killer unless the doctors had reason to think the man wasn’t insane all the time. Swanson said that the killer was taken to the Seaside Home for identification and then back to his brother’s house at Whitechapel. Then the house was watched by the police day and night. This shows that the killer was sick. How do we know? If he had still been dangerous he would have been taken to an asylum soon after the identification. It would have been cheaper to do that than watch the house. According to Swanson, the killer went to Stepney Workhouse Infirmary later on with the hands tied behind his back and later to an asylum. Jacob Levy was sick from syphilis while Aaron Kosminski’s health was quite good despite his insanity.
 
Kosminksi could not have been the man watched by the police because if he had been, the asylum would have been told to keep him away from other inmates.
 
Swanson wrote that there were difficulties getting the suspect to the Seaside Home. This suggests they had a reason for taking him there. He talks as if the difficulties could have been averted had he been taken somewhere else. Taking him there had something to do with the witness. Maybe the witness was unwell so the killer had to be brought to him and not the witness to the killer.  But why did nobody say that?  The real reason was the safety of the witness.  Joseph Levy had to be the witness and afraid of the Levy family of whom Jacob, the Ripper, was a member.

 

The Magician

 

The book concludes that the black magician Roslyn D’Onston Stephenson was the killer for he had suggested the idea that nobody else had thought of until recently that the Ripper performed the killings as a result of a plan he made on a map. Some dirty ties were allegedly found in his room hidden in a box like they were trophies and he had claimed that the killer took away body parts from the victims tucked in behind his tie. Vittoria Cremers said she examined two ties and found stains in the back of them like something had congealed. She said she examined the others and didn’t recall how many and the same stain was found on the back of them. So she must have examined at least four ties.
 
The real killer wrapped up Eddowes parts in a piece of her apron. He didn’t mutilate Stride so how could he have a bloodstained tie to keep?
 
Stephenson said there were five Ripper victims which was correct and which nobody was sure of until recent years. It is possible he knew the Ripper. He claimed that he knew the Ripper. But he said a lot of things that were not true. If he was the Ripper and wanted to boast of his crimes by writing to the police and the papers as many believe but without giving away too much then why didn’t he leave a confession behind him? He could have done this the time he vanished.
 
He said that the killing of Kelly had nothing to do with the Ripper. He said there were seven victims. The real killer would not draw attention to the planning on a map. It could lead police to him. Why pretend you think there were seven ripper murders to cover up that you know how many were really committed and then mention how the murders were planned? (page 183). He was not the murderer. We can be sure of it that if the murders were motivated by black magic and Stephenson was guilty of them he would not have revealed this motive to the police and the public.   



Conclusion

 

Kosmiski was not the killer's name but a name he was given. The detectives did not want to give too much away.  Joseph Levy knew who the killer was.  The killer was Jacob Levy.